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Sistema de Información Científica
Red de Revistas Científicas de América Latina y el Caribe, España y Portugal
227
Description of one new species and one new
subspecies of Nymphalidae from Angola
(Lepidoptera: Papilionoidea)
A. Bivar-de-Sousa, L. F. Mendes & S. Vasconcelos
Abstract
The present paper deals with the description of a new species of
Euphaedra (Euphaedrana)
(Limenitidinae) of
the
“preussi
-group” from northern Angola, and of a new subspecies of
Acraea (Acraea) violarum
Boisduval, 1847
(Heliconiinae) of the
“violarum
-group”, from the western and central area of the country; they are compared with
the most similar known taxa.
KEY WORDS: Lepidoptera, Papilionoidea, Nymphalidae,
Euphaedra, Acraea
, new taxa, Angola.
Descripción de una especie y una subespecie nuevas de Nymphalidae de Angola
(Lepidoptera: Papilionoidea)
Resumen
En la presente contribución, se describe una especie nueva de
Euphaedra (Euphaedrana)
(Limenitidinae) del
“grupo
-preussi
” del norte de Angola y una subespecie nueva de
Acraea (Acraea) violarum
Boisduval, 1847
(Heliconiinae) del “grupo
-violarum
”, del centro y oeste del país; se les compara con los taxa más parecidos.
PALABRAS CLAVE: Lepidoptera, Papilionoidea, Nymphalidae,
Euphaedra
,
Acraea,
nuevos taxa, Angola.
Descrição de uma espécie e uma subespécie nova de Nymphalidae de Angola
(Lepidoptera: Papilionoidea)
Resumo
Na presente contribuição descrevem-se una espécie nova de
Euphaedra (Euphaedrana)
(Limenitidinae) do
“grupo
-preussi
” do norte de Angola e uma subespécie nova de
Acraea (Acraea) violarum
Boisduval, 1847
(Heliconiinae) do “grupo
-violarum
”, do centro e oeste do país; são comparadas com os taxa mais parecidos.
PALAVRAS CHAVE: Lepidoptera, Papilionoidea, Nymphalidae,
Euphaedra
,
Acraea
, novos taxa, Angola.
Introduction
One new species of
Euphaedra (Euphaedrana)
part of the
“preussi
-group”, the most diverse in
the genus, is described from the northern Angolan riparian forest of the Loge River and is compared
with the other known taxa of this lineage.
One new subspecies of
Acraea (Acraea) violarum
Boisduval, 1847 of the
“violarum
-group”,
formerly known from Angola as a morph, is also described. It ranges along western and central Angola,
in the Benguela, Bié, Cunene, Huambo and Huila provinces and remains completely isolated from the
other studied samples of the species, reported from the Cape and from East Africa.
SHILAP Revta. lepid.,
45 (178) junio 2017: 227-236
eISSN: 2340-4078
ISSN: 0300-5267
Methodologies
The following abbreviations will be used along the text, as follows: BS: Bivar de Sousa
collection; CDR: Congo Democratic Republic (= Congo Kinshasa, = Zaire, = Belgian Congo); CZ:
Former Centro de Zoologia of the IICT; EAU: Mission of the Estudos Apícolas do Ultramar of the
CZ; FW: Forewing; HW: Hindwing; IICT: Former Instituto de Investigação Científica Tropical, now
integrated in the MUHNAC; MUHNAC: Museu Nacional de História Natural e da Ciência / Museus
da Universidade de Lisboa; MB: Museu Bocage, the old name of the zoological department of the
then Museu Nacional de História Natural, in Lisbon, and that (almost) completely burned during a
fire the 28
th
March 1978; NA: Nozolino de Azevedo personal collection; nn: no registration number;
PC: Collected by Passos de Carvalho; R: recto or dorsum or dorsal wing surface; V: ventral or under
wing surface; WL: wing length.
A. BIVAR-DE-SOUSA, L. F. MENDES & S. VASCONCELOS
228
SHILAP Revta. lepid.,
45 (178) junio 2017
Locality
Province
Latitude
Longitude
Altitude (m)
Bailundo
Huambo
12º 12’ S
15º 52’ E
1560
Bailundu
see Bailundo
—-
Benguella
see Benguela
—-
—-
—-
Benguela
Benguela
12º 35’ S
13º 25’ E
< 50
Bihé
see Cuito
Bimbi
(1)
000000
?
?
?
?
Caala
Huambo
12º 51’ S
15º 33’ E
1750
Caconda
Huila
13º 44’ S
15º 04’ E
1700
Calunga
Malanje
09º 59’ S
15º 42’ E
1050
Calwe R.
Huambo
13º 58’ S
16º 02’ E
1650
Calweha
see Calwe R.
—-
Cambo
(2)
000000
?
?
?
?
Caquenje
(2)
000000
?
?
?
?
Chianga
Huambo
12º 44’ S
15º 50’ E
1740
Chimporo
Cunene
15º 50’ S
17º 01’ E
1200
Cubal River
(3)
000000
?
?
?
?
Cuíma
Huambo
13º 14’ S
15º 39’ E
1700
Cuito
Bié
12º 23’ S
16º 57’ E
1459
Huambo
Huambo
12º 46’ S
15º 44’ E
1650
Inga
Uige
07º 18’ S
14º 25’ E
600
Kalukembé
Huila
13º 47’ S
14º 41’ E
1700
Nova Lisboa
see Huambo
—-
Sacaala
see Caala
—-
Sanguevé
Huila
13º 53’ S
15º 50’ E
1640
Tyitunda
Huila
14º 28’ S
15º 30’ E
1450
(1).
Bimbi was assigned by MONARD (1956) as “mission catholique à 90 km de Bailundu et 108 km N. NE. de
Nova Lisboa …. à 1.200 m d’altitude environ”. This reference is considered insufficient to the place location and
shall concern Huambo or Bié.
(2).
There is a locality on the Bié named Cambo Caquenje with the coordinates 11º
45’S, 17º 36’E, 1350 m a.s.l. but BERNAUD (2009) considers two independent localities, namely Cambo: 10º 06’S,
13º 59’E and Caquenje: 07º 38’S, 14º 35’E, that we were not able to rectify - not even after consulting the 1: 100
000 maps from Angola (JIU, 1969).
(3).
Indeterminable. The Cubal River crosses the provinces of Benguela,
Cuanza Sul and Namibe. BERNAUD (2009) reports 12º 39’S, 14º 40’E (Benguela ?) that was impossible to rectify.
All the original registration numbers were maintained. The specimens registered with a number
beginning by BS or by PC were part of the personal entomological collections of respectively, Bivar de
Sousa and Passos de Carvalho.
The wing length of the studied specimens was measured with an Etalon clipper, always along the
FW outer margin, from its apex to the anterior insertion on the thorax; only exceptionally it doesn’t
concern the left wing.
The approximate coordinates of the localities from where the studied specimens proceed are listed
behind; they are close to the assigned towns/villages and were in their majority previously presented by
MENDES
et al.
(2013). When the name of a locality has changed or when it appears wrongly spelt in
previous contributions or labels, the old or the incorrect name will be remitted to the new or to the
corrected one. Each locality is assigned to the recent administrative province it belongs to, as well as its
approximate latitude, longitude and altitude above sea level in meters.
Taxonomy
LIMENITIDINAE
Genus
Euphaedra
Hübner, [1819]
Euphaedra (Euphaedrana) uigensis
Bivar-de-Sousa & Mendes, sp. n.
(Figs. 1-4)
Material examined: Holotype: A
NGOLA
, UIGE, Inga, near the Vale do Loge colonial settlement,
October 1964, 1
1
(BS-16154, MUHNAC). Remaining specimens: A
NGOLA
, UIGE, Inga, near the Vale
do Loge colonial settlement, November 1964, 1
0
, allotype (BS-16155, MUHNAC), October 1964, 1
0
,
paratype (BS-16156, MUHNAC), November 1964, 1
0
, paratype (BS-16158, MUHNAC). December
1964, 1
0
, paratype (BS-16157, MUHNAC).
Description: WL: male: 38 mm; female: 49-51 mm. Male and female with quite similar colour and
pattern, R black and golden-green, V light yellowish-brown; thorax and abdomen devoid of metallic
spots. FW pre-apical band white, with a light greenish tint, not especially wide and more or less parallel-
sided; most external spot shorter and rounder than the preceding one, this one usually more elongated,
their inner border defining a more or less clear indentation. Greenish area of the FWR restricted to
spaces 1a and 1b (male) or 1a, 1b and 2 (female), being in this last one more or less widened - only
exceptionally it extends to the base of the cell. HWR submarginal blackish band not much enlarged, with
small light greenish dots. V without special characteristics: cell spots absent or if present, light and
usually small, 0-3 on the FW cell, 0-1 on the HW cell; space 7 white and conspicuous; submarginal dots
white, round (male) or, if existing, more elongate and with a few inner greyish scales (female); poorly
distinct white post-distal markings on spaces 3-4 and 5.
Discussion: The
“preussi
-group” is considered by HECQ (1997, 1999) to integrate almost 30
species and subspecies, and it is characterized by the white or very light and usually well marked HWV
space 7 and the often metallic D; in most of the species, the FWR cell is completely black and in many
cases the sexual dimorphism is conspicuous; main differences between the species concern, further, the
R and V ground-colour, the shape of the FW pre-apical light band and the development of each one of its
unities, as well as the HWV pattern. The group’s highest biodiversity seems to correspond to the CDR,
mainly to the Shaba area.
E. uigensis
sp. n. may be distinguished from the remaining known species of
the
“preussi
-group” as follows:
E. paradoxa
Neave, 1904 from Kenya is quite unique, taking into account its reddish R and
because there is no distinctive light band on the HWV space 7.
E. overlaeti
Hulstaert, 1926, from CDR and northern Zambia is also distinct due to the uniform
violet R, the poorly developed light FWR pre-apical band and the almost inexistent HWV light space 7.
In
E. niveovittata
Aurivillius, 1903, known from Shaba (CDR), while the R may be whitish-green
or ochreous, the FWD pre-apical white band is quite different, with the outer spot reduced and round and
the HWV space 7 dark orange; further, all the V round black cell spots are large and clear on both wings.
E. neumanni
Rothschild & Jordan, 1902, exclusive from Ethiopia is also immediately distinguished
DESCRIPTION OF ONE NEW SPECIES AND ONE NEW SUBSPECIES OF NYMPHALIDAE
SHILAP Revta. lepid.,
45 (178) junio 2017
229
due to its quite unique V, with whitish FW margin and an ill-defined white HW space 7, which is
prolonged by a longitudinal irregular whitish band.
E. miranda
Hecq, 1984, from Cameroon, CAR and northern CDR is also distinct due to the
ochreous or ochreous-green ground-colour and usually very wide, almost ovoid, ochreous to orange pre-
apical FW light band; its HWV shows whitish bands along most of the HWV spaces.
In
E. procera
Hecq, 1984 from Shaba (CDR) and
E. subprocera
Hecq, 1984 from CDR to Uganda,
the FW pre-apical band is distinct, with the outermost white spot reduced and well individualized from
the remaining ones of the band; further, the R metallic ground-colour is blue, not greenish.
E. fascinata
Hecq, 1984, from Cameroon, CAR, Congo and CDR, though somewhat variable, is
clearly distinct from the remaining species in the group due to the quite conspicuous HWR whitish post-
discal spots; further, the FWR cell is usually not black.
Several species show - usually associated to other dissimilarities - a clear chromatic sexual
dimorphism, inexistent in the new
E. uigensis
. These are the cases of:
E. illustris
Talbot, 1927, from a
restricted area in southern Shaba (CDR), with green male and whitish female, quite distinct from all the
species in the group taking also into account, among other features, the wide and S-shaped FW pre-
apical light band, the large black dots on the V cells and the HWV whitish wide submedian markings
along the wings spaces.
E. bergeri
Hecq, 1974, also from Shaba (CDR) and also with greenish male and
whitish female, has a somewhat wider pre-apical band and a much lighter V, with large FWV cell black
dots. In the northern CDR
E. leloupi
Overlaet, 1955, the FWR is green in the male and blue in the
female, the pre-apical band is thinner than in
E. uigensis
sp. n. and the V is green, not brown; besides, at
least in the male the green area of the FWR often attains the cell. Also in
E. fulvofasciata
Holland, 1920
from Cameroon and northern CDR, male is greenish and female bluish; its FW pre-apical band is
yellow, its more external spot is more or less coma-shaped and the V shows large black cell spots.
E.
xerophila
Hecq, 1974, from southern Kivu (eastern CDR), also with greenish male and whitish or bluish-
white female, has a green strongly marked V and the black cell dots are large especially on the FW. In
E.
ochrovirens
Hecq, 1984, mainly from Cameroon and CDR, the male is greenish (no black FWR apex)
and the female whitish, the white FW pre-apical band is thin or even obsolescent and the FWR cell is
usually free of black scales - so, with conspicuous black dots.
E. ipassa
Vande-Weghe, 2009 from
eastern Gabon, described as close to
E. preussi
, may be distinguished from the new Angolan species
with which it shares the large white spot 4 of the FW, mainly by the distinct light colour of the female D
and, mainly, by the rufous V with well developed black spots on the FW and HW cells and the much
darker and contrasted submarginal spots of the HWV.
E. margueritae
Heqc, 1978, from the high primary forests of eastern CDR, Rwanda and Uganda, is
only slightly dimorphic, with more dark greenish males and more dark bluish females, but its main
diagnostic feature concerns the clearly independent white spots of the FW pre-apical white band.
Otherwise, several other species show the FW pre-apical light band conspicuously thinner than it is
in the new Angolan species allowing their immediate diagnosis: this feature, alone or together with other
morphological differences, is quite visible in
E. albofasciata
Rebel, 1914, from CAR to CDR,
E.
disjunta disjunta
Hecq, 1984 and
E. disjunta virescens
Hecq, 1984, both from CDR,
E. olivacea
Grünberg, 1906, from Uganda,
E. vicina vicina
Hecq, 1984, from Cameroon to Uganda,
E. vicina
longinqua
Hecq, 1984 from Nigeria and
E. vicina pallidoides
Hecq, 1984 from the Shaba (CDR).
In the somewhat variable
C. preussi preussi
Staudinger, 1891 known from Nigeria to East Africa
and in
E. preussi pallida
Hecq, 1986, from Shaba (CDR), both with well developed V black cell spots,
the HWR post-discal lighter spots are bluish and not much distinctive while those of the HWV are large
and aureolate by blackish scales. We wander if the previous references of
A. preussi
from Angola
(AURIVILLIUS, 1928, to the country and LADEIRO, 1956, from Calunga - material not re-examined)
really belong to
E. preussi
.
In
E. subviridis
Holland, 1920, from CDR, the FW pre-apical band tends to be yellowish, mainly in
the female, and its individual spots are clearly cut by the black wing nerves. Male is more green than that
of
E. uigensis
sp. n. and the V is greenish and heavily marked with black (large cell and submarginal
spots).
A. BIVAR-DE-SOUSA, L. F. MENDES & S. VASCONCELOS
230
SHILAP Revta. lepid.,
45 (178) junio 2017
At last,
E. mayumbensis
Heqc, 1984, reported from Cameroon, Gabon, Congo and CDR, also
somewhat dimorphic, with more greenish male and more whitish female, is distinct from the new
Angolan endemic due to the light (white or yellowish) and externally enlarged FW pre-apical band.
ACKERY
et al.
(1995) point it is exclusively present in the Mayumbe CDR and western CAR -
Cameroon not considered.
E. cinnamomea
Rotschild, 1918, from CDR is considered by HECQ (1999) as dubious and as an
eventual synonym of
E. castanea
, but this last one is not even reported by him; it was pointed by
ACKERY
et al.
(1995) as an
E. castanea
Berger, 1981 synonym and later accepted by D’ABRERA
(2004) as a morph of
E. castanea
Rothschild, 1918 nec Berger, 1981 who presented its type-female R
photo; whatever its status will be, it shows a FWR pinkish or light brown (cinnamon) ground-colour and
the cell black spots are, as a rule, large and well visible.
Ecology: All the type-specimens were collected by net-sweeping on the Loge gallery-forest. The
Loge River flows East-West on the south Uige and along the border between the Angolan Zaire and
Bengo provinces, entering the Atlantic Ocean north from Ambriz town (northern Bengo). This forest
remains unconnected to any other gallery-forests, and is completely separated from the closest ones by
savanna and/or by open dry forest.
Etymology: The new species, is named after the Angolan province of Uige, due to the geographical
origin of the known samples.
HELICONIINAE
Genus
Acraea
Fabricius, 1807
Acraea (Acraea) violarum anchietai
Mendes & Bivar-de-Sousa, ssp. n.
(Figs. 5-8)
(=
Acraea violarum
f.
assimiliora
Le Doux, 1922)
Material examined: Holotype: A
NGOLA
, HUAMBO, Cuíma, XII-2015, 1
1
, (BS-34931,
MUHNAC). Remaining specimens: A
NGOLA
: HUAMBO: Chianga, I-1973, 1
1
paratype, (PC-nn,
MUHNAC); Ibid, I-1973, 1
0
, paratype (PC-nn, MUHNAC); Ibid, 15-I-1972, 2
11
, paratype (PC-nn,
MUHNAC). Nova Lisboa, II-1971, 1
1
non-type, (NA-nn). Sacáala, Nova Lisboa, VII-1958, 1
0
,
allotype, EAU, (CZ-3057, MUHNAC).
Description: WL: m: 22 mm; f: 23.5 mm. The main morphological feature allowing us to consider
the Angolan samples as belonging to a new subspecies is the shape of each element of the HW
submarginal band; indeed, while in the nominate subspecies each element is more or less round and so,
the inner margin of that band is more or less regular, in
A. violarum anchietai
ssp. n. each one of the
spots is clearly triangular in such a way that the submarginal band inner margin remains clearly toothed.
The other black spots of the R and V fairly agree with those of the photos presented by D’ABRERA
(1997) and PIERRE & BERNAUD (2013), certainly corresponding to specimens belonging to the
eastern populations of the species though nothing is reported about their geographical origin. The new
subspecies corresponds to the morph
assimiliora
(LE DOUX, 1922) of
A. violarum
, of which the male
was described from “Angola” and the female from the Bailundu, a name not valid and not usable in light
of article 45 of the ICNZ (2000).
Discussion:
A. violarum
Boisduval, 1847 belongs to the
“violarum
-subgroup” of the
“egina
-
group”, the most diverse of the subgenus in Angola - named by PIERRE (1988) the
“egina
-supergroup”.
ACKERY
et al
. (1955) and D’ABRERA (1997) report this species as monotypical and ranging along
South Africa (Eastern Cape, Natal and Transvaal), Mozambique, Zimbabwe and Angola; it was assigned
by PIERRE & BERNAUD (2013) as eventually represented by two subspecies, the nominate one from
Angola, Zimbabwe and South Africa and the northernmost, smaller and lighter
A. v. gracilis
Wichgraf,
1909 from Zimbabwe and Mozambique.
A. violarum
was assigned from Angola by AURIVILLIUS (1928, no precise location), by
ELTRINGHAM (1912) who points to the species in Bihé, Calweha, Caconda, Cubal R., Cambo,
DESCRIPTION OF ONE NEW SPECIES AND ONE NEW SUBSPECIES OF NYMPHALIDAE
SHILAP Revta. lepid.,
45 (178) junio 2017
231
Caquenje and Benguella and by LE DOUX (1922) who describes the morph
assimiliora
as
1
from
“Angola” and
0
from the Bailundu; MONARD (1956) assigns the species to Kalukembé, Sangevé,
Tiytunda, Bimbi and Chimporo. PIERRE (1988) describes the female sphragis and the male genitalia
(specimens origin not considered) and represents in a schematic map its occurrence in Angola, though
without precise information: despite the hard correspondence between the map dots and the localities
from where the species was known in Angola, its scattered ranges are quite conspicuous both in Angola
and in its remaining known range (Zimbabwe, Mozambique and South Africa); he reports, further, that
the species is typical from “Afrique Méridionale, de l’Angola au Nyassaland jusqu’au Cap”; in his point
on the phylogenetic hypothesis, he selects characters 21-24 as typical for the
“violarum
-group” related
to the male genitalia and the sphragis morphology. The complete independence of the two areas from
where the species is known is also clearly visible in the map presented by BERNAUD (2009): on one
side western and central-western Angola, on the other eastern Zimbabwe, Mozambique and South
Africa, with a blank corresponding to eastern Angola, Zambia, Namibia and Botswana. KOÇAK &
KEMAL (2007, 2009) assigns the species to Angola without comments with
natalensis
(Angas, 1849) in
its synonymy, and considers it is monotypical -
gracilis
Wichgraf, 1909 is not accepted as valid. LE
DOUX (1922) presented photos of the R of the male and female of Angolan specimens he described as
A. violarum
f.
assimiliora
where it is possible to perceive the more or less acute shaped spot of the HW
marginal band (Taf. 3, Figs. 4, 5).
Ecology:
A. violarum
is known to fly in deciduous woods and seems always uncommon.
Caterpillars of the nominate subspecies are known to feed on
Tryphostemma
(Passifloraceae).
Etymology: The new subspecies is named in memory of José Alberto de Oliveira Anchieta
(Lisbon?-Portugal, 1832 - Caconda-Angola, 1897) a Portuguese explorer that in the middle XIX century
collected along Angola mainly vertebrates which were studied in Lisbon by Barboza du Bocage. His
laboratory in Angola was located in Caconda.
Acknowledgements
SV was funded by the Portuguese Science and Technology Foundation (FCT) through grant
SFRH/BI/51643/2011. We remember Eng. J. Passos de Carvalho whose collection is now deposited in
the MUHNAC and we deeply thank his widow, Drª M. Umbelina Passos de Carvalho for the offered
material. We also remember, further, late Eng. Nozolino de Azevedo and we thank his widow Mrs
Graça Azevedo and his daughter, by Isabel Azevedo, for the chance to study his personal collection.
We thank further our colleague Luis Catarino, from the MUHNAC-IICT, for the loan of the camera
Canon EOS.
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PIERRE, J. & BERNAUD, D., 2013.–
Butterflies of the World. Nymphalidae XXIII. Acraea subgenus Acraea
,
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VANDE WEGHE, G., 2009.– Description de nouveau taxons et contribution à l’étude des Lepidoptères
afrotropicaux (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae, Limenetidinae, Satyrinae; Hesperiidae, Hesperiinae; Lycaenidae,
Theclinae).–
Entomologia Africana
,
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(1) supplément: 1-24.
*A. B. S.
Sociedade Portuguesa de Entomologia
Apartado 8221
PT-1803-001 Lisboa
PORTUGAL /
PORTUGAL
E-mail: abivarsousa@gmail.com
y /
and
Museu Nacional de História Natural e da Ciência
Universidade de Lisboa
Rua da Escola Politécnica, 58
PT-1250-102 Lisboa
PORTUGAL /
PORTUGAL
E-mail: abivarsousa@gmail.com
L. F. M.
Museu Nacional de História Natural e da Ciência
Universidade de Lisboa
Rua da Escola Politécnica, 58
PT-1250-102 Lisboa
PORTUGAL /
PORTUGAL
E-mail: luisfmendes22@gmail.com
y /
and
Centro de Investigação em Biodiversidade e Recursos Genéticos
Campus Agrário de Vairão
PT-4485-661 Vairão, Vila do Conde
PORTUGAL /
PORTUGAL
DESCRIPTION OF ONE NEW SPECIES AND ONE NEW SUBSPECIES OF NYMPHALIDAE
SHILAP Revta. lepid.,
45 (178) junio 2017
233
S. V.
Centro de Ecologia Aplicada “Professor Baeta Neves”
Universidade de Lisboa
Instituto Superior de Agronomia
Tapada da Ajuda
PT-1349-017 Lisboa
PORTUGAL /
PORTUGAL
E-mail: sasha.vasconcelos@cibio.up.pt
y / and
Centro de Investigação em Biodiversidade e Recursos Genéticos
Campus Agrário de Vairão
PT-4485-661 Vairão, Vila do Conde
PORTUGAL /
PORTUGAL
*Autor para la correspondencia /
Corresponding author
(Recibido para publicación /
Received for publication
8-VIII-2016)
(Revisado y aceptado /
Revised and accepted
10-XI-2016)
(Publicado /
Published
30-VI-2017)
A. BIVAR-DE-SOUSA, L. F. MENDES & S. VASCONCELOS
234
SHILAP Revta. lepid.,
45 (178) junio 2017
DESCRIPTION OF ONE NEW SPECIES AND ONE NEW SUBSPECIES OF NYMPHALIDAE
SHILAP Revta. lepid.,
45 (178) junio 2017
235
Figs. 1-6.– 1.
Euphaedra (Euphaedrana) uigensis
Bivar-de-Sousa & Mendes, sp. n.,
1
holotype, R.
2.
Ibid., V.
3.
Euphaedra (Euphaedrana) uigensis
Bivar-de-Sousa & Mendes, sp. n.,
0
allotype, R.
4.
Ibid., V.
5.
Acraea
(Acraea) violarum anchietai
Bivar-de-Sousa & Mendes, ssp. n.,
1
holotype, R.
6.
Ibid., V.
1
2
3
4
5
6
A. BIVAR-DE-SOUSA, L. F. MENDES & S. VASCONCELOS
236
SHILAP Revta. lepid.,
45 (178) junio 2017
Figs. 7-10.– 7.
Acraea (Acraea) violarum anchietai
Bivar-de-Sousa & Mendes, ssp. n.,
0
allotype, R.
8.
Ibid.,
V.
9.
Acraea (Acraea) violarum anchietai
CIBIO 15 de Dezembro de 2016 11:54 Mendes & Bivar-de-Sousa &
Mendes, ssp. n.,
1
paratype, Chianga, 15-I-1972, R.
10.
Ibid., V.
7
8
9
10
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