Red de Revistas Científicas de América Latina y el Caribe, España y Portugal
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Características de la agricultura protegida y su entorno en México

The Secretaria de Agricultura, Ganadería, Desarrollo Rural, Pesca y Alimentación (SAGARPA) and the Universidad Autónoma Agraria Antonio Narro (UAAAN) have signed agreements, looking a vision more attached to the reality of the conditions, factors and obstacles that affect productive process in Mexico, in order to generate recommendations that increase the efficiency of the involved programs of support with the farming production. Derived of the participation in the Rapid Assessment of Program Acquisition of Productive Assets: Component Protected Agriculture 2008, the characteristics and the context are approached in which the agriculture protected in Mexico is develops. The definition of "protected agriculture" settles down, their characteristics are described and the dynamics that has presented, as well as the climatic surroundings this activity is develops. Also is presented, in function of the risk of it, in which states this activity can be implemented. In addition, the phenomenon of the vulnerability with respect to the agriculture protected in Mexico is described. Finally, the factors that affect the impulse of the protected agriculture are described: the low level of the curve of learning of the interested ones; the fitosanitary uncertainty; the high investment of the greenhouses, the operation costs for temperature control and relative humidity, or the wrong design; the production scale. In favor of impelling the development of protected griculture, one concludes that the greenhouses are a viable alternative to surpass the production generated in the smallholdings.
Keywords: Greenhouse, agriculture, environmental risks, agricultural production, vegetables.