With the objective of studying the changes in the diversity and quantity of the flora in a pastureland rationally managed and disturbed by burning, the botanical composition was determined during four years and a half, using a square frame in 20 spots of each paddock. By the end of the experimental period there was a strong hegemony of grasses and perennial legumes with regards to the species from other families with equal cycle, in number (22 vs 1) as well as in covered area (92,7 vs 0,004%). A similar pattern was detected in annual species, independently from the family. The area covered by the grasses increased after burning and in legumes it tended to decrease, as well as their number (7 vs 4). Panicum maximum cv. Likoni was the prevailing species, increasing form 27,3 to 68,0%; Brachiaria decumbens increased slightly (1,0 to 4,6%); while Andropogon gayanus decreased (21,4 to 6,0%). Adventitious species such as Dichanthium annulatum, Dichanthium aristatum and Indigofera mucronata increased or maintained fluctuating populations; others like Dichanthium caricosum and Centrosema molle decreased; while Acacia farnesiana and Alysicarpus vaginalis tended to disappear. It is concluded that under these conditions a cover was created very different from the one produced with a previously applied intensive rational management and the importance of the species composition index to explain the variations produced in grazing was corroborated.
Palabras clave: Biodiversity,botanical composition.