Studying the bond between individual and society in Durkheims work is especially pertinent
for education sociology because of two reasons. First, because its analysis demands to refer to
the notion of socialization, which constitutes the link between individual and society and implies
a judgement on education. Second, because education sociology has permanently oscillated
between both poles of the antinomy objectivism/ subjectivism, and examining the relation
between man and society presumes clearing up the position the author took in connection to
the aforementioned polarity.
As a consequence of this, we introduce Durkheims ideas about sociological knowledge,
social order and human nature. We then expose his ideas about the socializing function of
education. Finally, we point out the way in which Durkheim solves the dichotomies present
in his work and the role that his conception on education plays in this.