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ANTIOXIDANT ENZYMES ACTIVITY IN EMBRYOGENIC AND NON-EMBRYOGENIC TISSUES IN SUGARCANE
MARINA MEDEIROS DE ARAÚJO SILVA, CLÁUDIA ULISSES, MARIA JAISLANNY LACERDA E MEDEIROS, MANUELA MARIA CAVALCANTE GRANJA, LILIA WILLADINO, TEREZINHA CAMARA;
Acta Biológica Colombiana 2014 19(2)
Resumen
Inglés Español
The objective of this work was to induce direct somatic embryogenesis from segments of immature leaves of the RB872552 variety of sugarcane and to correlate this morphogenic event with oxidative stress. Two previously described protocols were utilized for the induction of somatic embryogenesis in sugarcane with different supplementations of the culture medium and different incubation conditions. For the conversion of embryos into plants was used MS medium without phytoregulators. Histological analyses and activity of antioxidant enzymes were also conducted for the embryogenic and non-embryogenic tissues. The formation of somatic embryos was obtained in 81 % of the explants with the combination of regulators 2,4-D (2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid)and BAP (6-benzylaminopurine) when incubated under 16 h photoperiod. With regards to the antioxidant enzymes, there was increased activity of peroxidase and an increase in the soluble protein content in embryogenic tissues, whereas lower activities of polyphenol oxidase and catalase appeared in these tissues compared to non- embryogenic tissues. It could be inferred that oxidative stress plays an important role in the induction of somatic embryogenesis in sugarcane.

Palabras clave: 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4-D), oxidative stress, Saccharum officinarum L., somatic embryogenesis.
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Universidad Autónoma del Estado de México
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