This article analyzes the economic performance of Valle del Cauca (Colombia) during
the period 1996-2003. A comparative analysis is carried out of the sectorial structure of the regional
and national economy based on a simple coefficient of sectorial specialization, and in addition
to this, a breakdown is made of the evolution of regional per capita GDP to describe the
behavior of average work productivity and some variables associated with the labor market and
demographics. In this way it is possible to detect how some differences in the structure and
composition of regional added value can influence the progress of regional economic activity
and the behavior of the labor market.