This article presents research into political culture carried out in two rural, low-income municipalitíes with different forms of government. The aim was to learn about the influence these factors have both on types of political culture as well as on the nature of citízens' participatíon. The research availed of a quasi-experimental design, combining qualitative and quantítatíve research techniques to construct a typology of political culture based on Weber's sociological theory, together with the statistícal technique of principal component analysis. The results indicate that in Indigenous municipalitíes there are different kinds of polítical culture depending on the form of government, the degree of involvement by politica! partíes and migration levels.