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Revista INVI
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ISSN: 0718-1299 ISSN electrónico: 0718-8358
Estudios Territoriales
Universidad de Chile

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Gustavo Carrasco Pérez
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en: Following the earthquake and tsunami that occurred on February 27, 2010, the reconstruction policy implemented by the Chilean government favored a process led by private actors and offered standard urban-oriented solutions for all affected territories. Rural zones of the Maule Region, however, had to deal with weak local institutions and the lack of economic incentives for private agents to intervene in these highly disperse and thinly populated areas. This paper reflects on the effects of reconstruction policies on the reality of rural communities and territories. The absence of policy frameworks specifically designed to deal with the rural habitat, which should be understood as both a set of physical features and the result of social, historical and identity-related processes, suggests that post-earthquake programs failed to identify the particular characteristics of the territory. This increased the precariousness of living conditions, the loss of heritage and identity and the intensification of migration to peri-urban areas.>>>
Stefano Micheletti
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Francisco Letelier Troncoso
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en: This paper addresses the importance of the social, cultural and territorial particularities that should be included in the social intervention agenda of the Habitability Program —a program overseen by the Ministry of Social Development. The inclusion of these dimensions is intended to contribute methodological differentiation and so improving the impact and sustainability of this Program and the quality of life of target families. Thus the question arises: What aspects of social, cultural and territorial variables should be included in the social component of the Habitability Program in order to strengthen the impact and sustainability of its intervention measures? Through a methodological qualitative strategy, an action-oriented research design and semi-structured interviews this exploratory paper provides a comparative analysis of three communes: Temuco, Arica and Camarones. The main findings of this research reveal the need to generate interventions consistent with contextual complexities, the importance of the environment as a variable and suggest the implementation of innovative practices when it comes to addressing cultural and territorial differences.>>>
Xenia Fuster Farfán
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en: Family-based farmers of Greater La Plata and Berazategui (Buenos Aires, Argentina) are conditioned by their position as leaseholders of land by which they live and work and by their fragile economicproductive situation. Low-cost dwellings with low habitability standards and poor insulating properties are observed. This paper proposes the exploration of alternative insulating materials through the reuse of resources. These materials may contribute to the improvement of both existent (recycling) and new dwellings. Such an exercise involved the measurement of the thermal transmittance of materials through hot box methods. Different analyses of the most representative materials were conducted during 2014; these elements were divided into four categories: natural fiber, plastic, paper and soil. Interviews and consultations were conducted in order to elaborate quantitative analyses that were contrasted with the opinion of potential users and the viewpoint of technicians involved in this social segment. Results show that corrugated cardboard and recycled polyethylene have good insulating properties, are affordable or obtained for free and reduce the amount of existing waste; likewise, users consider the use of these materials a possible solution if they solve sealing, humidity and condensation issues.>>>
Graciela Melisa Viegas
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Carolina Walsh
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María Victoria Barros
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en: This paper analyzes the role of the State in the production and reproduction of residential habitat through the implementation of housing policies. Background studies are reviewed that account for the relationship between social housing, location and its effects on the spread of urban growth and residential segregation. Subsequently, this research analyzes the evolution of residential segregation in Córdoba over the 1991-2008 period and discusses the impact of social housing programs on the dynamics of such a phenomenon. In other words this paper studies the effects of recent State programs implemented in Cordoba over the last decades which, while providing goods (dwellings), their location in peri-urban areas has prevented inhabitants from accessing the advantages of centrality (provision of goods and services) and interacting with a diverse and varied environment. Finally, this research offers some reflections on the analysis and provides considerations that should be taken into account in the formulation of future social housing projects.>>>
María Cecilia Marengo
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Ana Laura Elorza
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en: Gated communities are growing throughout the Spanish landscape. While scientific attention has been traditionally focused in Madrid, this paper aims to broaden the depth of knowledge of these formulas of segregation in other areas of Spain, especially in Valencia and Sevilla. The location of these developments, as well as their territorial and typological analysis, are the main goals of this research. From a methodological perspective, Street View has been successfully trialed as the basis to locate these areas. It is ascertained that the gated communities closest to conventional definitions exist with other formulas of enclosure in rural Sevilla and the coastal areas of tourism in Valencia – each with their own territorial logics.>>>
Arsenio Villar Lama
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Miguel García Martín
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en: Abstract: From a commercial perspective, gentrification —understood as a class and social restructuration process— can be observed as a procedure in which commercial activity is focused on high-income groups, the result being the substitution of this kind of activity in terms of the participation of traders and the supply of products —a situation that is clearly identified in municipal markets. In this way, there is a dissemination of a market-oriented “model” which, apart from meeting the food requirements of a given neighborhood, creates leisure areas. Such a transformation was preceded by a discourse that uses the deterioration of amenities and the decline of commercial activity as an excuse to transform the market. This paper offers two case studies. The San Anton market, which is an old commercial space that was transformed into a space focused on the provision of gourmet and restoration services. The second case refers to the Los Mostenses market, which through a discourse of deterioration and decline has been transformed into a leisure space.>>>
Luis Alberto
Unidad de Investigación en Ciencias de la Tierra, UNAM
en: Chile is an emerging nation where the provision of housing has prompted the development of the real estate market. During 2012, 3,500 housing units were sold in the country. Most of these dwellings are associated with the neighborhood typology. Such a growth pattern is often related to the expansion of the city, has a strong impact on its physical-natural and social environments and implies an increase in the consumption of materials and energy. Different urban sustainability strategies —which are especially focused on new neighborhoods— have been developed in order to mitigate the effects of this development. However, there is no national consensus on how to produce sustainable neighborhoods nor is there an assessment tool which might measure the contribution of these projects to sustainable development. Through the review of international sources this paper seeks to understand the extent to which international standards could be implemented in local neighborhood projects. Then, the advantages and difficulties related to the transferring of these standards to the real estate market are further explored.>>>
Juan Blanco Moya
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