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Revista Latinoamericana de Estudios sobre Cuerpos, Emociones y Sociedad
Revista Activa *
ISSN: 1852-8759
Cuatrimestral
Sociología
Universidad Nacional de Córdoba
Argentina

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en: One hundred forty (140) articles, twenty (20) issues and seven (7) years are some of the numbers that refer us to the complex and systematic look that a person interested in the bodies/emotions can be found in RELACES to achieve an approach to these field studies in the region. This paper aims to provide a possible approach to the topics included in studies of bodies/emotions in Latin America through the information that provide us the articles that have been published in RELACES trying to outline the “state of affairs” in these last years. It seeks to end back to some “persistent” axis of agreements/disagreements over research practices regarding bodies/emotions and systematize some sketchy notes of future axes presented as questions, challenges and rejections. Our aim is to take this written as a point of reference to produce a cartography of how studies on bodies/emotions provide more accurate clue to inquire into the processes of social structuration.>>>
Adrián Scribano
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en: Around the world millions of people suffer the consequences of financial and economic crisis; as well as the sovereign debt crisis: under impoverishment, unemployment and homelessness, by cuts in the social, sanitary and educational system. The problems that led to the crisis still persist. In this sense it is important the question about how the media attract their audiences, and how they can contribute to the understanding of the crisis, its causes, consequences and possible resolutions. This article shows which documentary films made an important contribution on the cinema, television and internet in the mentioned context. This is related to the question, if specific aesthetic forms are particularly suitable for such politic comprehension objectives. The paper examines, on the first place, four of the most successful films in Europe in the range of documentary films on the financial crisis, starting from discourse as rethoric, aesthetic and affective strategies. Let’s make Money (Erwin Wagenhofer, Austria 2008), Capitalism (Michael Moore, United States 2009), Inside Job (Charles H. Ferguson, United States 2010) and Debtocracy (Xpeokpatia, Katerina Kiitidi; Chatzistefanou Aris, Greece 2011).>>>
en: The emergence of alternative and complementary medicines (CAM) to address emotional upsets, chronic ailments and achieving overall wellness has been reported in several countries. Its practices generally deal with the psycho- physiological and the spiritual state. Although there are studies concerning different aspects about CAM, it is still little the information on the concepts of person, body and emotion they hold. Therefore, the aim of this paper is to determine the conceptualization of emotions in traditional chinese medicine, Ayurveda and traditional mexican medicine. The information has been gathered on theoretical texts and works based in ethnographies. The three health practices conceptualize the body and emotions based on a vast symbolic world in which representations of the universe, nature and human beings are juxtaposed. The human being is represented as an interweaving of functions expressed materially (organs, tissue, etc.) and immaterially (energy, emotions, etc.). In order to come to understand the emotions we first need to know the macro cosmic development, because emotions are manifestation of the energies that produce all forms of life. Into these health practices, the organic, emotional and energetic aspects are equally important for diagnosis and treatment.>>>
Nayelhi I. Saavedra Solano
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en: In the Centre of National Arts of Circus (CNAC) the body is taken to discover the own body in the learn of the techniques and in personalised accompaniment. The constitution of knowledge motor is done in an infraconscientious level through the body schema organisation; but, without a “conscientious analysis of certain proprioceptive information” (Le Boulch, 1995: 132), that is done in conversations with the teachers and in our philosophical workshop. Without this internalisation of knowledges it could not be done.>>>
Bernard Andrieu
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en: Multiple social practices inscribe people’s names in public spaces. Naming of squares, streets, parks or even entire cities shows different evidences of this kind of remembering with and through the names of individual persons. In order to trace the presence of a specific aspect of the relation of those present to those absent, we look at some practices of name inscription in public spaces. We take three situations of name inscription: the tiles of memory with the names of the disappeared, the yellow stars with the names of those dead in car accidents, and a kind of graffiti that appears sometimes in the waiting areas of public maternity rooms with the names of those just born. I discuss here the main theoretical axes of an ongoing project and provide partial data as way of illustration. In an ethnographic approach, we observe and dialog with the actors that produce, install, and maintain these spatial marks, with those who inhabit and interact with them, and also with those who dispute their uses and meanings. The study deploys an approach centered on the concepts of materialization, cohabitation, and spatial embodied practices, and understands these practices as ways of producing situations that materialize the relations with those absent.>>>
Diego Benegas Loyo
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en: This paper is part of the research project “The everyday life in the emergency: territory, inhabitants and practices”, and it’s focused on the inquiry about the social uses of sound and music by the Latin American immigrant population in Santiago de Chile. The aim is to describe some of the conceptual, methodological and empirical advances produced by the research team starting from three main hypothesis about the function of music and different kinds of sonority: a) first, they assist in the production of self-understandings and personal boundaries; b) second, they play a role to make conceivable the immigrant experience, and; c) third, they contribute to make comprehensible and manageable life in the new territory. We show the conceptual arguments that support the three hypotheses, the methodological reflection behind them and the empirical deployment involved in its testing.>>>
Luis Campos-Medina
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Paulina Soto-Labbé
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en: Ciertamente, razón y afecto son complementarios dependiendo de la tarea a realizar. En circunstancias ordinarias, la resolución de problemas y la toma de decisiones abarca no solo sentimientos somáticos sino también emociones que se fundan en el sistema límbico. Los sentimientos vividos como estados del cuerpo, pueden contribuir en la toma de decisiones abriendo pistas heurísticas y eliminando rápidamente opciones de conducta negativas, en parte, por lo que denomina Damasio como Marcadores Somáticos (Damasio, Tranel and Damasio, 1991; Damasio, 1994, 1999, 2003). Sin embargo, si la tarea es motivada por una potencial recompensa, con altas exigencias para la memoria a corto plazo y la concentración, la corteza prefrontal dorsolateral puede inhibir los afectos manifestados en la corteza prefrontal media en pos de lograr las operaciones cognitivas necesarias. Interpretamos estas dos tareas mentales utilizando modelos de procesos duales. Aunque la evidencia experimental proveniente de estudios sobre sujetos normales y pacientes con el lóbulo frontal dañado dieron lugar al Iowa Gambling Task, dicha evidencia ha sido interpretada como soporte de las hipótesis sobre marcadores somáticos (HMS). Aquí mostramos que dicha evidencia ha sido puesta en cuestión debido a defectos en el diseño de los estudios. Sin embargo los estudios sobre sujetos normales y psicopáticos que practican el juego del ultimátum muestran que la desaceleración del pulso se da en el momento antes de tomar una decisión, constituyendo un marcador somático. En comparación con controles normales, los psicópatas exhiben menos actividad somática (electro-dérmica) y actúan con indiferencia, racionalidad económica, aceptando ofertas injustas (<50/50) que sujetos normales rechazarían en tanto valores anti económicos. La hipótesis de los marcadores somáticos son discutidas y criticadas a la vez que varias teorías basadas en esta hipótesis son identificadas.>>>
Warren D. TenHouten
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