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Journal of Aerospace Technology and Management
Revista Activa *
ISSN: 1984-9648 ISSN electrónico: 2175-9146
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Ingeniería
Ministério da Defesa
Brasil

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en: High-altitude platforms (HAPs) are aircraft, usually unmanned airships or airplanes positioned above 20 km, in the stratosphere, in order to compose a telecommunications network or perform remote sensing. In the 1990 and 2000 decades, several projects were launched, but very few had continued. In 2014, 2 major Internet companies (Google and Facebook) announced investments in new HAP projects to provide Internet access in regions without communication infrastructure (terrestrial or satellite), bringing back attention to the development of HAP. This article aims to survey the history of HAPs, the current state-of-the-art (April 2016), technology trends and challenges. The main focus of this review will be on technologies directly related to the aerial platform, inserted in the aeronautical engineering field of knowledge, not detailing aspects of the telecommunications area.>>>
Flavio Araripe d’Oliveira
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Francisco Cristovão Lourenço de Melo
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Tessaleno Campos Devezas
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en: This paper investigates how Knowledge Management patterns in a Brazilian Air Force flight test environment can be simulated using a System Dynamics approach. The research has been conducted initially by a literature review on the main Knowledge Management and System Dynamics theories. Data for this research has been collected in a previous study consisted of documental research regarding the flight test environment Knowledge Management and a questionnaire-based survey which identified both a low Knowledge Management maturity level and the flight test core competence as the capability of performing flight test campaigns. The issued problem was the tradeoff between actions focused on performing flight test campaigns versus Knowledge Management to transfer the core competence inside organization in order to keep it in a high level. A system dynamics quantitative model has been developed as a result of this research. Fluxes and stokes were identified within the model and the relation between them emerged by identifying systemic feedback loops that may compromise the Knowledge Management and the core competence transferring. These features enable a holistic visualization and better understanding of the problem as well as the possibilities of identifying ways of improvement.>>>
Roberto da Cunha Follador
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Luís Gonzaga Trabasso
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en: In this study, incompressible, unsteady and turbulent flow over an airfoil with pitching and plunging oscillations is numerically studied in order to investigate the effect of reduced frequency on stability derivatives of oscillating airfoil. Linear k – ε model called Launder-Sharma and Rhie and Chow model are used for turbulence modeling and overcoming pressure checkerboard problem. This means that a co-located approach is proposed in this paper to study a moving grid problem, and the results demonstrate the high accuracy of the method. Control volume and Crank-Nicholson discretization method are also used for the numerical solution. It is shown that the longitudinal stability derivatives of plunging and pitching motions trend change intensively beyond the stall angle of attack while pitching rate has a completely opposite behavior. The results also show that increasing reduced frequency leads to stability reduction in plunging oscillation but it does not have significant effect on pitching oscillation case in pre-stall, stall and post-stall conditions. Grid convergence is examined to assess the accuracy of the numerical method that shows the high accuracy of it and this is a prominent achievement of the present study. The results of the proposed method in forces and moment show a good agreement with the experimental data.>>>
Vahid Nasr Esfahani
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en: Based on coupled unsteady panel/free-wake method, a universal analysis model was established, which provides a good prediction for the rotor/fuselage unsteady aerodynamic interaction. Considering the deficiencies of the traditional time-marching rotor free-wake algorithms, notably on stability and efficiency, the CB3D algorithm with 3rd-order accuracy is proposed. For solving the problem that part of the wake vortices may penetrate the fuselage, a “material line” rectification method with 3rd-order accuracy is proposed. An analysis for the model accuracy was then conducted to validate the accuracy of the new model, and a comparison against the available experimental data is performed. The simulated results show a good agreement with these experimental data. With the new model, several simulations are conducted for the typical rotor/fuselage aerodynamic interaction, and the results are analyzed.>>>
en: This paper applies the frequency response methodology to characterize and analyze the flying qualities of longitudinal and lateral axes of a rotary-wing aircraft, AS355-F2. Using the results, it is possible to check the suitability of the aircraft in accordance with ADS-33E-PRF standard, whose flying qualities specifications criteria are based on parameters in the frequency domain. The key steps addressed in the study involve getting, by means of flight test data, the closed-loop dynamic responses including the design of the instrumentation and specification of the sensors to be used in the flight test campaign, the definition of the appropriate maneuvers characteristics for excitation of the aircraft, the planning and execution of the flight test to collect the data, and the proper data treatment, processing and analysis after the flight. After treatment of the collected data, single input-single output spectral analysis is performed. The results permit the analysis of the flying qualities characteristics, anticipation of the demands to which the pilot will be subjected during closed-loop evaluations and check of compliance with the aforementioned standard, within the range of consistent excitation frequencies for flight tests, setting the agility level of the test aircraft.>>>
João Otávio Falcão Arantes Filho
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Donizeti de Andrade
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en: According to motion characteristic of an asymmetric rolling missile with damage fin, a three-channel controlled model is established. The controller which is used to realize non-linear tracking and decoupling control of the roll and angle motion is introduced based on an improved trajector y linearization control method. The improved method is composed of the classic trajectory linearization control method and a compensation control law. The classic trajectory linearization control method is implemented in the time-scale separation principle. The Lipschitz non-linear state observer systematically obtained by solving the linear matrix inequality approach is provided to estimate state variables and unknown parameters, and then the compensation control law utilizing the estimated unknown parameters improves the TLC method. Simulation experiments show that the adaptive decoupling control ensure tracking performance, and the robustness and accuracy of missile attitude control are ensured under the condition of the system parameters uncertainty, random observation noise and external disturbance caused by damage fin.>>>
en: In the last decades, critical systems have increasingly been developed using computers and software even in space area, where the project approach is usually very conservative. In the projects of rockets, satellites and its facilities, like ground support systems, simulators, among other critical operations for the space mission, it must be applied a hazard analysis. The ELICERE process was created to perform a hazard analysis mainly over computer critical systems, in order to define or evaluate its safety and dependability requirements, strongly based on Hazards and Operability Study and Failure Mode and Effect Analysis techniques. It aims to improve the project design or understand the potential hazards of existing systems improving their functions related to functional or non-functional requirements. Then, the main goal of the ELICERE process is to ensure the safety and dependability goals of a space mission. The process, at the beginning, was created to operate manually in a gradual way. Nowadays, a software tool called PRO-ELICERE was developed, in such a way to facilitate the analysis process and store the results for reuse in another system analysis. To understand how ELICERE works and its tool, a small example of space study case was applied, based on a hypothetical rocket of the Cruzeiro do Sul family, developed by the Instituto de Aeronáutica e Espaço in Brazil.>>>
Tharcius Augusto Pivetta
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Glauco da Silva
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Carlos Henrique Netto Lahoz
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João Batista Camargo Júnior
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en: The main goal of the Libertad 2 mission is to take images of the Earth’s surface in the visible spectrum with a multispectral sensor and send them as a Bayer array. To carry out the reconstruction in land of these images and to view them in a RGB color model, it is necessary to use a color interpolation algorithm to determine the values of the different channels of color in each pixel. This document presents an analysis of five chromatic interpolation algorithms (Nearest Neighbor, Adaptive Color Plane, Bilinear, Smooth Hue Transition and Median Based). The analysis also includes the identification of image evaluation algorithms without reference and the artifacts (False Color Measure, Blur Metric and Chromatic and Achromatic Zipper). Finally, the analysis results of the chromatic interpolation algorithms and the selection of the most suitable algorithm for the Libertad 2 satellite mission data are presented.>>>
Diana Carolina Morón Hernández
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Freddy Alexander Díaz González
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Juan Sebastian Triana Correa
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Pablo Roberto Pinzón Cabrera
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en: The experimental results of specific heat capacity of 2 plastic bonded explosives formulations based on 1,3,5-trinitroperhydro-1,3,5-triazine, using differential scanning calorimetry thermal analysis, and the theoretical ones calculated with the specific heat capacity and mass fraction of individual compounds are compared for a temperature range between 340 and 410 K. Apart the filler, the plastic bonded explosives composition includes the binder based on hydroxyl-terminated polybutadiene, the plasticizer bis (2-ethylhexyl) sebacate and the curing agent isophorone diisocyanate. The experimental and theoretical results showed a better approach when no curing agent is added. Without curing agent, the specific heat capacity of plastic bonded explosives increases linearly with temperature. When plastic bonded explosive is cured, the specific heat capacity is nearly constant until 380 K and decreases linearly for higher temperature values. These results suggest that phase change requires adjusting parameters to different heating rates in order to describe adequately the experimental data.>>>
Flávio Rodrigues Chaves
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José Carlos Góis
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en: In order to quantify ferrite content, three techniques, XRD, ferritoscope and optical metallography, were applied to a duplex stainless steel UNS S31803 solutiontreated for 30 min at 1,000, 1,100 and 1,200 °C, and then compared to equilibrium of phases predicted by ThermoCalc® simulation. As expected, the microstructure is composed only by austenite and ferrite phases, and ferrite content increases as the solution treatment temperature increases. The microstructure presents preferred grains orientation along the rolling directions even for a sample solution treated for 30 min at 1,200 °C. For all solution treatment temperatures, the ferrite volume fractions obtained by XRD measurements were higher than those achieved by the other two techniques and ThermoCalc® simulation, probably due to texturing effect of previous rolling process. Values obtained by quantitative metallography look more assertive as it is a direct measurement method but the ferritoscope technique should be considered mainly for in loco measurement.>>>
Arnaldo Forgas Júnior
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Rodrigo Magnabosco
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Homero Paula Silva
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Luiz Cláudio Pardini
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Edison Bittencourt
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en: Aramid fiber is an important polymer applied as reinforcement in high-performance composites, which, due its exceptional properties, becomes an excellent impact absorption material. It has been broadly utilized in aeronautic industry and ballistic protection. In aircrafts, it is mainly used in secondary structures, such as fairings, floor panels, and bullet proof structures in helicopters, whereas, in ballistic protection industry, it is applied in automotive armor and bullet proof vest. Under environmental perspective, it is worrying the development and application of composites, which generate proportional discards of these materials, whether originated from manufacturing process, spare parts or end of life cycle. High-performance composite materials like those using aramid fiber are generally difficult to recycle due to their properties and the difficulty for the separation of the components, making their recycling economically unviable. From the characteristics of composite materials and environmental viewpoint, this paper presents a new aramid fiber recycling process. The main objective of this research was to study different recycling methods in aramid fibers/Neoprene® composites. To promote the Neoprene® degradation, it was used a pyrolysis oven with controlled atmosphere and CO2 injection. For the degraded separation, it was designed a mechanical washing machine in which the most degraded separation occurred. To complete the materials separation, it was employed a manual cleaning process, and, at least to prove the efficacy of the process, it was applied a tensile test in the yarns.>>>
Igor Dabkiewicz
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Ítalo Vinícius Soares e Silva
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Jossano Saldanha Marcuzzo
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Rita de Cassia Mendonça Sales Contini
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Universidad Autónoma del Estado de México
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Versión 3.0 | 2017
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