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Lingüística y Literatura
Revista Activa *
ISSN: 0120-5587
Semestral
Lengua y Literatura
Universidad de Antioquia
Colombia



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en: This paper examines the effect of social variables in the predominant use of uno to express impersonality. In order to evidence a possible linguistic change, we analyse interviews collected in Bogotá, Colombia, in three periods. The results reveal the importance of the level of occupation, age and sex of the speaker: the advance of the use of uno in the 1990s, coming from low levels of occupation and led by the youngest and women. Because this form is mainly used to refer to the speaker and group experiences, it is suggested that future semantic-pragmatic analysis investigate if this is a sign of the individualisation of discourse.>>>
Luz Marcela Hurtado
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en: In this article, the prosodic description of commands and requests in four Colombian dialects is presented in order to delimit their attributes as part of the directive speech acts and to recognise the prosodic variations in each dialectal variety. According to the hypothesis, the pragmatic functions prevail over the dialectal variations so that the speaker will tend to reduce the dialectal marks in order to give priority to the melodic patterns that allow expressing his communicative intentions. According to considerations of the Autosegmental-Metrical (AM) model and the Sp_ToBI transcription system, 174 sentences among commands and requests were analysed and compared to 96 assertive sentences. It was observed that commands present special features as amplitude in the tonal camp and increase in the duration of the nuclear syllable. In contrast, requests show a decrease in the tonal camp and increase in the duration of the nuclear syllable. In relation to the melodic curve it is remarkable that these sentences produced in a large amount tend to reduce notably the dialectical variations and manifest a L+H* L% pattern.>>>
EvaPatricia Velásquez Upegui
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en: The purpose of this article is to analyse the prosody of a female speaker of Spanish from Medellín, Colombia. The corpus, which was collected using the methods of the AMPER project, consisted of a fixed corpus of expanded declarative and interrogative sentences. The parameters analysed were vowel duration and intensity as well as fundamental frequency (F0), which was examined using the Autosegmental-Metrical (AM) model.The results show that both tonal peaks in sentence subjects as well as the behaviour of F0 in prepositional phrases help differentiate the two sentence modalities (declarative and interrogative). In respect to duration, stressed vowels showed the highest values and most of these segments also showed significant acoustic differences compared to non-stressed vowels. Likewise, stressed vowels tended to have higher intensity.>>>
Diana Marcela Muñoz Builes
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en: Montes Giraldo (1978) identified, within certain phytonyms collected in Cundinamarca and Boyacá (Colombia), a ch ~ rr alternance and a frequency in suffixes -ca, -que, -cha, -che which he classified as linguistic features of the Muisca language. The former indicates a dialectal feature while the latter indicates classifying suffixes for plant names. In this paper, the loanwords of Muisca origin (Giraldo Gallego, 2012, 2015) which have been identified by using the two criteria mentioned above are presented. The data show that the proposal of Montes Giraldo is up to date and reveal other suffixes which could also work as classifiers.>>>
Diana Andrea Giraldo Gallego
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María Claudia González-Rátiva
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Sistema de Información Científica Redalyc
Red de Revistas Científicas de América Latina y el Caribe, España y Portugal
Universidad Autónoma del Estado de México
Versión 3.0 beta | 2016
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